SSWH10 The impact of the age of discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.
b. Define the Columbian Exchange and its global economic and
42) JOURNAL ENTRY, “The Impact of Trade”
The Columbian Exchange refers to a period of cultural and biological exchanges between the New and Old Worlds. Exchanges of plants, animals, diseases and technology transformed European and Native American ways of life. Beginning after Columbus' discovery in 1492 the exchange lasted throughout the years of expansion and discovery.
When Europeans first touched the shores of the Americas, Old World crops such as wheat, barley, rice, and turnips had not traveled west across the Atlantic, and New World crops such as maize, white potatoes, sweet potatoes, and manioc had not traveled east to Europe. In the Americas, there were no horses, cattle, sheep, or goats, all animals of Old World origin.
Interactive Map showing Triangle Trade routes.