SSWH17 The student will be able to identify the major political and economic factors that shaped world societies from World War I and World War II.
d. Analyze the rise of nationalism as seen in the ideas of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and Mohandas Gandhi.
62) JOURNAL ENTRY, “Nationalism sweeps through Asia” ______________
Essential Question #6 – How did Nationalism affect India and Southwest Asia?
Information on pages 887-891
· On the Right Side –
1) Identify: Mustafa Kemal, Mohandas Gandhi, the Salt March, civil disobedience, the Rowlatt Acts and the Amritsar Massacre.
(Give a book definition and then 2 additional contextual facts about each.
· On the Left Side –
1) Answer the following question: How did Kemal and Gandhi resist colonial rule?
2) Complete full page written response to the following question:
In your opinion, how did WWI create an atmosphere for political change in both India and Southwest Asia? Use this link and support you answer with facts.
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was born in 1881 in the former Ottoman Empire. As a young man he was involved with the Young Turks, a revolutionary group that deposed the sultan in 1909. Ataturk led the Turkish War of Independence and signed the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923, which made Turkey a republic. He was elected its first president and ushered in reforms that modernized Turkey. He died in 1938.
Revered the world over for his nonviolent philosophy of passive resistance, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was known to his many followers as Mahatma, or “the great-souled one.” He began his activism as an Indian immigrant in South Africa in the early 1900s, and in the years following World War I became the leading figure in India’s struggle to gain independence from Great Britain. Known for his ascetic lifestyle–he often dressed only in a loincloth and shawl–and devout Hindu faith, Gandhi was imprisoned several times during his pursuit of non-cooperation, and undertook a number of hunger strikes to protest the oppression of India’s poorest classes, among other injustices.